Aqaba–Aila, Aelana


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Gregory, S. 1995–97: Roman Military Architecture on the Eastern Frontier, vol.2, Amsterdam, 412–13

Kennedy, D. L. 2000: The Roman Army in Jordan, London, 194–7

Parker, S. T. 1996: ‘The Roman Aqaba Project: the economy of Aila on the Red Sea’, The Biblical Archaeologist 59, 182

Parker, S. T. 1997: ‘Preliminary report on the 1994 season of the Roman Aqaba Project’, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 305, 19–44

Parker, S. T. 1998: ‘An early church, perhaps the oldest in the world, found at Aqaba’, Near Eastern Archaeology 61, 254

Parker, S. T. 2000: ‘Roman legionary fortresses in the East’, in Brewer, R. J. (ed.), Roman Fortresses and their Legions: Papers in Honour of George C Boon, FRHistS, FSA, Cardiff, 121–38

Whitcomb, D. 1990: ‘Diocletian’s mißr at Aqaba’, Zeitschift des deutschen Palastina-Vereins 106, 156–61


MacAdam, H. I. 1989: ‘Fragments of a Latin building inscription from Aqaba, Jordan’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 79, 163–72 [inscription]

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AylaIt should be noted from the outset that the fortress detailed here is not generally accepted as the legionary fortress, or even Roman in date. However, the form of the site (in comparison with Udruh and Lejjun) and the discovery of a building inscription of AD 317–26 on the site at the very least are enough to give pause before its complete dismissal, in the absence of a better (or, indeed, any) candidate.

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Page last updated 1st September 2011