Svištov –Novae

Location


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References

Site

Biernacki, A. B. 2002: ‘The Roman legionary bath from the C2nd AD in Novae (Moesia Inferior)’, in Freeman, P., Bennett, J., Fiema, Z., and Hoffmann, B. (eds), Limes XVIII. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies held in Amman, Jordan BAR S1084, Oxford, 649–62

Derda, T., Dyczek, P., and Kolendo, J. (eds.) 2008: Novae: Legionary Fortress and Late Antique Town, vol. I: A Companion on the Study of Novae, Warsaw

Dimitrova-Milceva, A. 1991: ‘Zum Problem der datierung der frühesten Perioden des Militärlagers Novae’, in Maxfield, V.A. and Dobson, M.J. (eds), Roman Frontier Studies 1989. Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, Exeter, 271–6

Donevski, P. 1998: ‘Inner arrangement of the camp at Novae’, Novensia 10, 13–15

Dyczek, P. 1997: ‘The Valetudinarium at Novae – New Components’, in Groenman-van Wateringe, W., van Beek, B.L., Willems, W.J.H., and Wynia, S.L. (eds), Roman Frontier Studies 1995. Proceedings of the XVIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, Oxbow Monograph 91, Oxford, 199–204

Dyczek, P. 1999: ‘A sacellum Aesculapii in the valetudinarium at Novae’, in Gudea, N. (ed.), Roman Frontier Studies: Proceedings of the XVIIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, Zalău, 495–500

Dyczek, P. 2001: Novae – 40 lat wykopalisk, Warsaw

Dyczek, P. 2007: Everyday Life in the Fortress of the First Italic Legion at Novae. Exhibition at Warsaw University, Warsaw

Dyczek, P., Ładomirski, A., and Sarnowski, T. 1993: ‘Novae – Western Sector, 1991. Preliminary report on the excavations of the Warsaw University archaeological expedition’, Archeologia 44, 81–94

Genčeva, E. 2003: ‘Le premier camp militaire à Novae’, Novensia 14, 21–37

Parnicki-Pudełko, S. 1990: The Fortifications in the Western Sector of Novae. Novae-sektor zachodni, Pozna´n

Press, L. and Sarnowski, T. 1987: ‘Novae, rzymska twierdza legionowa i miasto wczesnobizantyjskie nad dolnym dunajem’, Novaensia 1, 289–322

Sarnowski, T. 1977: ‘Fortress of the Legio I Italica at Novae’, in Fitz, J. (ed.), Limes. Akten des XI Internationalen Limeskongresses, Szekesfehervar, 30.8–6.9. 1976, Budapest, 415–24

Sarnowski, T. 1981: ‘The legionary defences of Novae’, Archeologia 32, 29–46

Sarnowski, T. 1983b: ‘La fortresse de la legion I Italica et le limes du sud-est de la dacie’, Eos 71, 265–76

Sarnowski, T. 1984: ‘Początki legionowego budownictwa w Novae i wojny dackie domicjana i Trajana’, Balcanica Posnaniensia 1, 143–69

Sarnowski, T. 1991: ‘The headquarters building of the legionary fortress at Novae (Lower Moesia)’, in Maxfield, V.A. and Dobson, M.J. (eds), Roman Frontier Studies 1989. Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, Exeter, 303–7

Sarnowski, T. 1992: ‘das Fahnenheiligtum des Legionslagers Novae’, in Lipska, A., Niezgoda, E., and Ząbecka, M. (eds.), Studia Aegaea et Balcanica in honorem Lodovicae Press, Warszawa, 221–33

Sarnowski, T. 1995: ‘Another legionary groma gate hall? The case of Novae in Lower Moesia’, in Novae. Studies and Materials I, Poznań, 37–40

Sarnowski, T. 1996a: ‘die römische Anlegestelle von Novae in Moesia Inferior’, in Petrović, P. (ed.), Roman Limes on the Middle and Lower Danube, Cahiers des Portes de Fer Monographies 2, Belgrade, 195–203

Sarnowski, T. 1999: ‘die Principia von Novae im späten 4. und frühen 5. Jh.’, in Bulow, G. von and Milceva, A. (eds), Der Limes an der unteren Donau von Diokletian bis Heraklios. Vorträge der internationalen Konferenz, Svishtov, Bulgarien (1.–5. September 1998), Sofia, 57–63

Sarnowski, T. 2000: ‘Novae – western sector, 1998–1999. Preliminary report on the excavations of the Warsaw University archaeological expedition’, Archeologia 51, 79–87

Sarnowski, T. 2002: ‘Headquarters building (principia) of legio I Italica at Novae’, in Dyczek, P. (ed.), Novae – 40 Years of Excavations, Warszawa, 31–7

Sarnowski, T. 2003: ‘Novae – Western Sector (Principia), 2000–2002. Preliminary report on the excavations of the Warsaw University archaeological expedition’, Archeologia 54, 65–75

Sarnowski, T. 2005: ‘drei spätkaiserzeitliche Statuenbasen aus Novae in Niedermösien’, in Mirkovic, M. (ed.), Römische Städte und Festungen an der Donau. Akten der regionalen Konferenz, 16–19 Oktober 2003, Beograd, 223–30

Sarnowski, T. and Kaniszewski, J. 2007: ‘Roman and early Byzantine defences of Novae in Lower Moesia. North-eastern corner’, in Vagalinski, L. (ed.), The Lower Danube in Antiquity, Sofia, 227–30

Sarnowski, T., Kovalevskaya, L., and Kaniszewski, J. 2005: ‘Novae – Castra Legionis, 2003–2005. Preliminary report on the excavations of the Warsaw University archaeological expedition’, Archeologia 56, 141–52

Sarnowski, T. and Press, L. 1990: ‘Novae. Römisches Legionslager und frühbyzantinische Stadt an der unteren donau’, Antike Welt 21, 225–43

Finds

Biernacka-Lubanska, M. 1998: ‘Roman lead pipe production technology’, Novensia 10, 31–46

Bunsch, E. 2000: ‘Pomnik Urbi Romae Aeternae – rozważania nad technologią wykonania’, Novensia 12, 7–22

Bunsch, E. 2002: ‘Badanie sladów warstw barwnych na obiektach kamiennych na przykladzie trzech zabytków epigraficznych z Novae’, Novensia 13, 25–34

Bunsch, E. 2003: ‘Four small votive altars from the valetudinarium in Novae. Remarks of execution technique’, Novensia 14, 77–86

Bunsch, E. 2006: ‘Roman inscriptions painted on stone – technique reconsidered. Results of the conservation work on a titulus pictus from Novae in Lower Moesia I. Gr. Lat. Novae 57’, Novensia 17, 63–71

Bunsch, E., Kolendo, J. and Zelazowski, J. 2003: ‘Inscriptiones découvertes entre 1998 et 2002 dans les ruines du valetudinarium à Novae’, Archeologia 54, 43–64

Daszkiewicz, M., Bobryk, E., Schneider, G., and dyczek, P. 2000: ‘Chemical and mineralogical composition of Roman amphorae from Novae and some other sites in Bulgaria – first results’, Novensia 12, 23–42

Dimitrova-Milceva, A. 2006: Die Bronzefunde aus Novae, Moesia Inferior, Warszawa

Dobrowolski, K. and Piasecki, K. 2003: ‘Identifying the species of birds depicted on the funerary stela from Novae (Bulgaria)’, Novensia 14, 59–66

Genčeva, E. 1998a: ‘Zapinki rzymskie i póznoantyczne z Novae’, Novensia 11, 7–80

Genčeva, E. 1998b: ‘drobne przedmioty metalowe z odcinka IV w Novae. Sprzaczki, aplikacje kolczyki’, Novensia 11, 81–98

Genčeva, E. 2000: ‘Metalowe części wyposażenia żołnierskiego z Novae’, Novensia 12, 49–98

Gręzak, A. and Piątkowska-Małecka, J. 2006: ‘Faunal remains from principia of the 1st century A.D. in Novae. Second group’, Novensia 17, 39–44

Kolendo, J. 1980: ‘Le rôle du primus pilus dans la vie religieuse de la légion. En rapport avec quelques inscriptions des principia de Novae’, Archeologia 31, 49–60

Kolendo, J. 1988: ‘Les nouvelles inscriptions des primi pili de Novae’, Archeologia 39, 91–103

Kolendo, J. 2001: ‘Inscription d’un soldat originaire de Clunia découverte à Novae (Mésie Inférieure)’, Gerión 19, 525–31

Kolendo, J. 2002: ‘Trzy stele z napisami malowanymi z Novae’, Novensia 13, 35–48

Kolendo, J. 2003: ‘Images d’oiseaux sur une stèle de Novae. Remarques préliminaires’, Novensia 14, 67–76

Kovalevskaja, L.A., Tomas, A., and Sarnowski, T. 2000: ‘Flasze gliniane z principia w Novae’, Novensia 12, 107–26

Kunisz, A. 1987: Le trésor d’antoniniens et de folles des principia de la légion de Novae, Warszawa

Sarnowski, T. 1979a: ‘La destruction des principia à Novae vers 316/317 de notre ere. Révolte militaire ou invasion gothique?’, Archeologia 30, 149–63

Sarnowski, T. 1979b: ‘Une tête de Caracalla découverte à Novae’, Archeologia 30, 149–63

Sarnowski, T. 1980: ‘Mramorna glava na Karakalla ot Novae’, Arheologija (Sofia) 3, 35–43

Sarnowski, T. 1983a: ‘die Ziegelstempel aus Novae’, Archeologia 34, 17–61

Sarnowski, T. 1985: ‘Bronzefunde aus dem Stabsgebaude in Novae und Altmetalldepots in den römischen Kastellen und Legionslagern’, Germania 63, 521–40

Sarnowski, T. 1989: ‘Zur Statuenausstattung der römischen Stabsgebäude’, Bonner Jahrbücher 189, 97–120

Sarnowski, T. 1993a: ‘Nova Ordinatio im römischen Heer des 3. Jh. und eine neue Primus pilus-Weihung aus Novae in Niedermoesien’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 95, 197–204

Sarnowski, T. 1993b: ‘Primi ordines et centuriones legionis I Italicae und eine dedikation an Septimius Severus aus Novae in Niedermoesien’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 95, 205–19

Sarnowski, T. 1993c: ‘Wykopaliska w Novae’, in Dzieje archeologii na Uniwersytecie Warszawskim, Warszawa, 331–5

Sarnowski, T. 1995: ‘Another legionary groma gate hall? The case of Novae in Lower Moesia’, in Novae. Studies and Materials I, Poznań, 37–40

Sarnowski, T. 1996b: ‘Promotio ex nova ordinatione eines künftigen Centurio. Zur Inschrift aus Novae in ZPE 95, 1993’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 111, 289–90

Sarnowski, T. 2005: ‘Drei spätkaiserzeitliche Statuenbasen aus Novae in Niedermösien’, in Mirkovic, M. (ed.), Römische Städte und Festungen an der Donau. Akten der regionalen Konferenz, 16–19 Oktober 2003, Beograd, 223–30

Sarnowski, T. (ed.)) 2012: Novae. An Archaeological Guide to a Roman Legionary Fortress and Early Byzantine Town on the Lower Danube (Bulgaria), Warszawa

Sarnowski, T. and Gacuta, W. 1982: ‘Skarb brązów z zachodniego aerarium komendantury w Novae’, Archeologia 33, 125–42

Sarnowski, T. and Trynkowski, J. 1990: ‘Stemple “okrętowe” legionu I Italskiego na cegłach i dachówkach z Novae’, Balcanica Posnaniensia 5, 251–63

Visiting and browsing

Substantial portions of the fortress can be seen, and there is now a visitor centre to the west of the fortress where some of the stone finds can be seen. In the neighbouring village of Svištov there is a lapidarium with some inscriptions from the site. Information panels around the camp provide computer reconstructions of the various buildings.

Arguably, the fortress is worth a visit for the hospital building alone, the only legionary example exposed in its entirety. A path leads from the remains of the west gate to the hospital where, in its north-west corner, a latrine has been reconstructed. The legionary baths are also exposed to the south of the hospital, beyond the modern road. Part of the headquarters building (the rear range of buildings, including the shrine of the standards) can still be seen to the east of the baths.

The Archaeological Institut of the University of Warszaw has a good site (both Polish and English) on the various strands of the Bulgaro-Polish campaign of work on the site of the fortress at Novae. Another website exists providing details about a campaign of non-destructive survey of the area of the canabae around the fortress. The web surfer is particular fortunate in that Google have provided Streetview coverage of the fortress, including the west gate, hospital, baths, and headquarters building.


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The hospital latrine structure on Google Streetview


Additional information for inclusion may be sent to info@legionaryfortresses.info
(please put fortress site name in the subject line; all other emails may be treated as spam and deleted).

Page last updated 4th December 2013

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