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Baranski, M. 1994: ‘The Roman Army in Palmyra: A case of adaptation of a pre-existing city’ in Dabrowa, E. (ed.), The Roman and Byzantine Army in the East: Proceedings of a Colloquium held at the Jagiellonian University, Krakow in September 1992, Krakow, 9–17

Fellmann, R. 1976: ‘Le camp de dioclétien à Palmyre et l’architecture millitaire du Bas-Empire’, in Mélanges d’histoire ancienne et d’Archéologie offerts à Paul Collart, Cahiers d’archéologie romande de la Bibliothèque historique vaudoise 5, 173–91

Gawlikowski, M. 1968: ‘die polnischen Ausgrabungen in Palmyra 1959–1967’, Archäologischer Anzeiger, 289–307

Gawlikowski, M. 1970: Obóz Dioklecjana w Palmyrze, Prace Komisji Archeologicznej Oddziału PAN w Krakowie IX, 37–53

Gawlikowski, M. 1974: ‘Les défenses de Palmyre’, Syria 51, 231–42

Gawlikowski, M. 1976a: ‘Palmyre 1973’, Chronique des fouilles 9, 273–81

Gawlikowski, M. 1976b: ‘Le Camp de dioclétien: bilan préliminaire’, in Frezouls, E. (ed.), Palmyre. Bilan et perspectives. Colloque de Strasbourg 1973, Strasbourg, 153–63

Gawlikowski, M. 1977: ‘Le temple d’Allat à Palmyre’, Revue Archéologique, 253–74

Gawlikowski, M. 1978: ‘Palmyre 1974’, Chronique des fouilles 10, 421–2

Gawlikowski, M. 1979a: ‘Palmyre 1975’, Chronique des fouilles 11, 267–70

Gawlikowski, M. 1979b: ‘Palmyre 1976’, Chronique des fouilles 11, 271–3

Gawlikowski, M. 1983: ‘Palmyre (Mission polonaise)’, Chronique Archéologique 60, 297

Gawlikowski, M. 1984: Palmyre VIII: Les principia de Dioclétien. Temple des Enseignes, Warszawa

Gawlikowski, M. 1985a: ‘Les principia de dioclétien à Palmyre’, in Le Dessin d’Architecture dans les Sociétés Antiques: Actes du Colloque de Strasbourg (26–28 Janvier, 1984), 283–7

Gawlikowski, M. 1985b: ‘Świątynia Allat w Palmyrze. Wstępny raport z wykopalisk 1974–1976’, Studia palmyrénskie 8, 5–25

Gawlikowski, M. 1986: ‘Palmyre (Mission polonaise)’, Chronique Archéologique 63, 397–9

Gawlikowski, M. 1987a: ‘das Horreum-Gebäude in Diokletianslager. Vorbericht über die 26. Ausgrabungskampagne (September–Oktober 1985)’, in Ruprechtsberger, E. (ed.), Palmyra. Geschichte, Kunst und Kultur der syrischen Oasenstadt, Linz, 249–52

Gawlikowski, M. 1987b: ‘Polnische Ausgrabungen in Palmyra: das diokletianslager’, in Ruprechtsberger, E. (ed.), Palmyra. Geschichte, Kunst und Kultur der syrischen Oasenstadt, Linz, 253–4

Găzdac, C. 2009: ‘An unknown battle? Military artefacts and coin finds’, in Busch, A.W. and Schalles, H.-J. (eds.), Waffen in Aktion. Akten der 16. Internationalen Roman Military Equipment Conference (ROMEC), Xanten, 13.-16. Juni 2007, Xantener Berichte 16, Mainz, 109–13

Gregory, S. 1995–97: Roman Military Architecture on the Eastern Frontier, Amsterdam, vol. 2

Kowalski, S.P. 1994: ‘The Praetorium of the Camp of diocletian in Palmyra’, Studia palmyreńskie 9, 39–70

Kowalski, S.P. 1998: ‘The camp of legio I Illyricorum in Palmyra’, Novensia 10, 189–209

Michałowski, K. 1960: Palmyre, fouilles polonaises, 1959, Warszawa-Paris

Michałowski, K. 1962: Palmyre, fouilles polonaises, 1960, Warszawa-Paris

Michałowski, K. 1963: Palmyre, fouilles polonaises, 1961, Warszawa-Gravenhage

Michałowski, K. 1964: Palmyre, fouilles polonaises, 1962, Warszawa-Gravenhage

Michałowski, K. 1966: Palmyre, fouilles polonaises, 1963 et 1964, Warszawa-Gravenhage

Visiting and browsing

Until the recent civil war, the legionary fortress at Palmyra, nowadays often known as Diocletian's Camp, was one of the most accessible in the whole Empire. All of it lies within the area of the ancient city. The main gate, tetrapylon, headquarters building, and ancillary structures could all be visited. There was a Diocletianic dedication inscription on site, upside down, in the crosshall of the HQ building. One of the more intriguing features of the HQ was that it occupied more than just one level and a set of stairs next to the shrine of the standards led up to an upper level. Photographs of the site in its pre-civil-war state can be found here.

For your web surfing needs, there is a better-than-average Wikipedia page (which isn't saying much) on the Camp of Diocletian, although it references none of the recent work at the site directly.

Additional information for inclusion may be sent to info@legionaryfortresses.info
(please put fortress site name in the subject line; all other emails may be treated as spam and deleted).

Page last updated 4th December 2013